Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up – Toddler

Mental Health In-home Parent Skill-Based Does Not Currently Meet Criteria

Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) – Toddler is designed to help caregivers of children aged 24 to 48 months who have experienced early adversity. ABC – Toddler aims to promote responsive caregiving to help toddlers develop secure, organized attachments and self-regulation capabilities. ABC – Toddler is provided by skilled clinicians, called parent coaches. Coaching sessions include in-the-moment and video feedback to foster the caregiver’s abilities to follow the toddler’s lead, respond to toddler’s distress in nurturing ways, recognize and reduce frightening behaviors, and calm their dysregulated toddler.


ABC – Toddler does not currently meet criteria to receive a rating because no studies met eligibility criteria for review.


Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed: Dec 2020


Sources

The program or service description, target population, and program or service delivery and implementation information was informed by the following sources: the program website, the California Evidence-based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare, Home Visiting Evidence of Effectiveness, and the studies reviewed.  


This information does not necessarily represent the views of the program or service developers. For more information on how this program or service was reviewed, visit the Review Process page or download the Handbook.

Target Population

ABC – Toddler targets caregivers of children aged 24 to 48 months who have experienced early adversity.

Dosage

ABC – Toddler is delivered by skilled clinicians, called parent coaches. Services are provided over the course of 10 hour-long weekly sessions.

Location/Delivery Setting
Recommended Locations/Delivery Settings

ABC – Toddler is delivered in the home.

Education, Certifications and Training

ABC – Toddler training is only offered to parent coaches who have already been trained in the ABC-Infant version of the program. To become an ABC – Infant parent coach, skilled clinicians are screened by University of Delaware through a half-hour virtual interview. Parent coaches are expected to have strong interpersonal skills. Initial training for parent coaches is a 2-day, in-person event. The event is held at University of Delaware or onsite at other locations for larger groups. Training includes theoretical and practical orientation to the intervention, practice of core ABC program skills, review of session content, consultation around any issues specific to the parent coaches’ site or organization, and supervision planning. Parent coaches undergo a year of weekly supervision via videoconferencing before becoming certified parent coaches.

Program or Service Documentation
Book/Manual/Available documentation used for review

Dozier, M., & the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up Lab. (2018). Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for toddlers who have experienced early adversity. [Unpublished manuscript]. University of Delaware, Newark.

Available languages

ABC – Toddler materials are available in German, Mandarin, Norwegian, Russian, Spanish, and Swedish.

Contact Information for Developers

Website: http://www.abcintervention.org/

Phone: (302) 831-0534

Email: icp@psych.udel.edu

 

Results of Search and Review Number of Studies Identified and Reviewed for Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up – Toddler
Identified in Search 4
Eligible for Review 0
Rated High 0
Rated Moderate 0
Rated Low 0
Reviewed Only for Risk of Harm 0
Sometimes study results are reported in more than one document, or a single document reports results from multiple studies. Studies are identified below by their Prevention Services Clearinghouse study identification numbers.




Studies Not Eligible for Review

Study 10603

Lind, T., Raby, K. L., Caron, E. B., Roben, C. K. P., & Dozier, M. (2017). Enhancing executive functioning among toddlers in foster care with an attachment-based intervention. Development and Psychopathology, 29(2), 575-586. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579417000190

Raby, K. L., Freedman, E., Yarger, H. A., Lind, T., & Dozier, M. (2019). Enhancing the language development of toddlers in foster care by promoting foster parents' sensitivity: Results from a randomized controlled trial. Developmental Science, 22(2), e12753-e12753. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12753

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 10608

Sprang, G. (2009). The efficacy of a relational treatment for maltreated children and their families. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 14(2), 81-88. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-3588.2008.00499.x

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 10609

Caron, E. B., Weston-Lee, P., Haggerty, D., & Dozier, M. (2016). Community implementation outcomes of Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up. Child Abuse & Neglect, 53, 128-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.11.010

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 10613

Yarger, H. A., Bernard, K., Caron, E. B., Wallin, A., & Dozier, M. (2019). Enhancing parenting quality for young children adopted internationally: Results of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1547972

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).